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Health Care Safety Net Coordination Grows in Some Communities
Efforts Aim to Increase Access, Improve Quality and Reduce Costs of Caring for Uninsured and Low-Income People
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“Delivery of health services through the safety net historically has been fragmented. Usually hospitals, community health centers, and private physicians providing charity care have operated independently of each other, with little or no coordination…. Such fragmentation can result in severe gaps in the availability of services, reduce quality, lead to redundant use, and increase the costs to providers who typically operate with limited resources and thin margins,” according to the article by HSC Senior Fellow Peter J. Cunningham, Ph.D.; HSC Senior Researcher Laurie E. Felland, M.S.; and Lucy Stark, a former HSC research assistant.
Funded by the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation and the National Institute for Health Care Reform, the Health Affairs study is based on HSC’s 2010 site visits to 12 nationally representative metropolitan communities: Boston; Cleveland; Greenville/Spartanburg, S.C.; Indianapolis; Lansing, Mich.; Little Rock, Ark.; Miami; northern New Jersey; Orange County, Calif.; Phoenix; Seattle; and Syracuse, N.Y. HSC has been tracking change in these markets since 1996.
The study, titled “Safety-Net Providers in Some U.S. Communities Have Increasingly Embraced Coordinated Care Models” and available here, examined trends in safety net coordination activities from 2000 to 2010 in the 12 communities. Researchers found a notable increase in efforts to improve the organization and delivery of care for uninsured and low-income patients. The study identified three main approaches to safety net coordination: centralized referral networks, managed care programs for the uninsured, and care coordination across multiple providers:
Community-based efforts to improve safety net coordination could provide a foundation for broader efforts to improve care delivery and expand coverage under national health reform, which encourages innovative payment and delivery models and potentially expands health coverage to more than 30 million Americans.At the same time, some community respondents were “concerned that safety-net coordination programs could face a loss of private funding and community interest if the perception is that they are no longer needed due to greater access to affordable health insurance coverage, or if the perception is that the remaining uninsured are undeserving of coverage, for example, undocumented immigrants who are ineligible for coverage expansions under the Affordable Care Act,” the article states.
The Center for Studying Health System Change is a nonpartisan policy research organization committed to providing objective and timely research on the nations changing health system to help inform policy makers and contribute to better health care policy. HSC, based in Washington, D.C., is affiliated with Mathematica Policy Research.